Russia Policies Affecting Disinformation
In 2019 Russian lawmakers passed a bill that punishes online media organizations and journalists for spreading "fake news". This bill includes punishment for disrespecting authorities, such as President Vladimir Putin.
The spreading of banned information is punishable by fines and administrative detention. Russian media outlets have been critical of anti-disinformation legislation, which they view as overly restrictive.
During COVID-19 Russia approved fines of $25,000 as well as prison terms of up to fives years for individuals found to be spreading false information.