Philippines Disinformation Profile

From ADTAC Disinformation Inventory

Philippines Domestic Disinformation

Philippines Media Environment

The Philippines was ranked 136 out of 180 countries in the World Press Freedom Index.[1] Private press is vigorous and popular tabloid press outlets can feature sensationalism.[2] The state has begun to file charges against high profile media outlets and journalists critical of the government.[3] There are very low levels of trust in mainstream media.[4]

The Philippines has a 62% internet penetration rate and has been called "the social media capital of the world.[5] In the Philippines troll farms have become increasingly popular after 2016. Troll farm employees can make up to $1,000 a month in a country where the average monthly salary is $278.[6][7]


From 2017 to 2018 a digital marketing group Twinmark Media Enterprises payed influencers and celebrities up to millions of pesos to promote disinformation, especially pro-duterte disinformaiton.[8]

2016 Election

President Duterte utilized a firm Gubanada who paid $200,000 to "keyboard trolls" in order to spread disinformation.[9]


In April 2020 Twitter suspended 200 accounts which defended the government's handling of the pandemic.[10]