Philippines Disinformation Profile
Philippines Domestic Disinformation
Philippines Media Environment
The Philippines was ranked 136 out of 180 countries in the World Press Freedom Index. Private press is vigorous and popular tabloid press outlets can feature sensationalism. The state has begun to file charges against high profile media outlets and journalists critical of the government. There are very low levels of trust in mainstream media.
The Philippines has a 62% internet penetration rate and has been called "the social media capital of the world. In the Philippines troll farms have become increasingly popular after 2016. Troll farm employees can make up to $1,000 a month in a country where the average monthly salary is $278.
From 2017 to 2018 a digital marketing group Twinmark Media Enterprises payed influencers and celebrities up to millions of pesos to promote disinformation, especially pro-duterte disinformaiton.
President Duterte utilized a firm Gubanada who paid $200,000 to "keyboard trolls" in order to spread disinformation.
In April 2020 Twitter suspended 200 accounts which defended the government's handling of the pandemic.